Naktuinbouw organised a Plant Variety Protection Course on the premises of the Department of Agricultural Research (DAR), Yezin in Nay Pyi Taw.
Opening by the Minister of agriculture of Myanmar
The organisers of the course are very grateful that Dr. Aung Thu, the Minister of the Ministry of Agricultural, Livestock and Irrigation (MOALI) of the Union Government opened the course. The minister sent a clear message that Myanmar breeding had to be improved. In the future a good cooperation between public and private breeding is required.
The Netherlands are able to assist Myanmar in the agricultural sector. One of the main requirements is to introduce a system for efficient Plant Breeders’ Rights protection. Mr. Frederik Heijink, the Dutch counsellor for agriculture in Myanmar emphasized the need for changes in Myanmar. Not only in breeding, but certainly also in good agricultural practices.
The third speaker in the opening session, Mr. Raoul Haegens from Naktuinbouw focused on the benefits for Myanmar when introducing a high quality PVP system. A PVP system in line with UPOV convention is a sound basis to continue.
Current situation in Myanmar
PVP law was designed and approved in 2016. The 1st PVP law of Myanmar has got into force during this course on 20 January 2017. Myanmar is already amending this law, because the approved law is not 100% in line with the regulation of the International Union for Plant Breeders’ Rights (UPOV).
Ms. Yolanda Huerta from the UPOV spent a whole day explaining the benefits of UPOV and about the harmonisation PVP worldwide.
Several PVP systems are discussed during the course. Not only the system of PBR in the Netherlands (Naktuinbouw), but also in a number of Asiatic countries. Representatives from Japan, Korea and Vietnam explained the regulations on PVP in their countries. Myanmar can benefit from this information. It is also possible to build up bilateral relations which these counties and/or to take over DUS reports.
Basics of PVP explained
Laura Piñán González and Raoul Haegens are the Dutch lecturers in this training course. Ms. Piñán is a very experienced DUS tester and Mr. Haegens is a manager in DUS testing for many years. Both are impressed by the facilities of the Department of Agricultural Research, Yezin and GAP Farm under Department of Agriculture (DOA) under MOALI. This might be a good place for DUS-testing of several crops in future. A statement of both lecturers is: “the most impressed we are with the enthusiasm and commitment of the 31 participants and the 3 organisers of this course. We feel confident that these people will be capable of implementing a PVP system in practice.”
PVP office in Myanmar
The PVP office in Myanmar is situated in the DAR station in Yezin. The three members of the Myanmar PVP office are: Ms. Pa Pa Win (Assistant Research Officer, Head of Plant Variety Protection Unit under DAR), Ms, Khin Sandar Cho (Junior Research Assistant) and Ms. Phyu Phwe (Research Technician).